Both public and private networks are wireless networks and important part of 5G–they offer high throughput and low latency while using the same coding schemes, same spectrum and same hardware and software. The technology is the same between public 5G, and private 5G, only the difference is in the security, connectivity, ownership,and limitations of these networks.
Anyone including, businesses can use public 5G but private 5G can only be used by organizations that are licensed and dedicated to the use of a single organization many times, a single location. To use a public 5G network, one must be in an area with a 5G network, and the user must also have a device capable of communicating with that network. Compared to public 5G, private 5G is more secure and prioritized and that can provide your organization with dedicated bandwidth and infrastructure. So, now let us see the difference between 5G and private 5G along with Reliable Mobile Network Monitoring Tools, Mobile Network Drive Test Tools, Mobile Network Testing Tools and Reliable Best wireless site survey software, site survey tools for wireless networks &Wifi site survey software app in detail.
Private 5G network: –
Private 5G is a wireless network that offers lower latency, and increased reliability and operates to connect a limited number of devices that belong to any other organization. Examples of private 5G are college campuses, hospitals, manufacturing facilities, transportation hubs, and military bases with critical infrastructure or mission-critical applications. In addition, private network 5G is used in industries such as AR or VR, robots, electronic vehicles, and others.
Private 5G networks can be divided into independent and dependent. The enterprise or organization in an independent networkis responsible for selecting the spectrum to use and procure (licensed, unlicensed, or shared), which network solutions to install as per their requirements(Radio Access Network and Core), and maintaining the network, the enterprise in the independent network can control their network settings like utilizing low latency communications (URLCC) for business applications. Some of the features of a private mobile network include:
- Customisation facility to your specific needs
- Fully restricted for secure environments
- Can allow greater focus on uplinking
- Scalability optionsand guaranteed capacity
Public 5G network: –
A public 5G network is an online network to which anyone can connect and still provides the same benefits as like private networkin terms of service, security, and reliability. But as the name implies, public 5Gdoes not offer the customisability and privacy that your business might require and data is transmitted over the Internethence users might get experienced more vulnerable to cyber-attacks. To use a public network, you must be in an area with a 5G networkand the quality of the network indoors depends on your location and proximity to the cell tower.
Some of the features for a public mobile network include:
- All users have equal access.
- Coverage is dependent on the infrastructure installed by MNOs.
- Optimised for maximum download speed.
- May not offer the security required for sensitive data.
Some more differences between the public and private 5G networks aretabulated below.
|Public 5G||Private 5G|
|Network provider has control of network settings||The organisation has full control and independency on private 5G|
|Serves average performance with average SLAs||Serves low latency rate apps plus ultra-high data rates with high SLAs.|
|Ideal for voice, data and video streaming||Suitable for industry 4.0, IoT and M2M|
|Data processing takes place on public cloud||Data processing is done by organisation on site|
Regardless of choosing private network 5G or public 5G, it is important to ensure that the network infrastructure is implemented properly, with robust security measures which are necessary to protect against potential cyber threats. In addition, ongoing network monitoring and continuous maintenance are crucial to ensure optimal performance – for this, the RantCell pro app is the optimum solution to choose. RantCell is a SaaS-based software designed to measure network connectivity on 5G/4G coverages and avoid downtime.